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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 发布消息时期:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


2016两会全球成本答疑|要对实际挑站,中制做如此恢复行业创新力?——2016两会中经济增长问答题之四


zaochengyeshizhongguoxiandairenjingjinenglishihuidegenji。wangnianzhijinyilai,womenguojiahuagongjing🙈jinenglishihuichixushangshenglianghao,dantanranmianduixitongyichangrongzadexinguojijumian、“guagouduanlian”dewaimiantiaozhan,youguanxi“lingyulianqianyi”“zhongguoxiandairenzaochengyoushibu”dengyinxiaolianxubuduan。


5ritiqingjueyidebumenshenqirenwujihuashuzhong,“xuepanshenhuazhongguogongyehuachanyekaifazhuangxiubiaozhunwangzhanjianshe,tuidongkaifaxinzhideshehuijingjijianshe”yueju2023nianbumenshenqirenwushenqirenwudiyiwei🅰,🦹jiangdilejianchishouhaoshitidianshehuijingjijishidexingxiangshuzixinhao。


congjiancejieguonachudexinfangxiangxinjuticuoshi,daodaibiaorenchangwuweiyuan、quanweizhuanjiajiaoshoudengyinlaidechenggonganligushihezhuanyehualingwu,zaidaocaifangbaodaojizhezaiyouzhidecaifangbaodaoshichadiaoyan,wobuxiangmenduizhongguoneidichuangzaoyaobaochizhijiandejishuchuangxinnengli,baochitianfulanchoufazhanjinbudedaolegenghaoliu🍌changdelingwurende。


正视变革时代,信心足延展性强


jianhuayanzhongdewaimianshengtaixia,woguodeyanzhiyegongchangzouxianghenshouguanzhu。


“zijizuodaohuagongyediannaorenbawoqi、jiaoliusifudianjijixitongdengchandehua,zhengyuelaiyuekuaihaishangbuyuzhifujincheng,zengqiangguojishangshichangzhanweijiyoulv。”yingkouxinsongdiannaorenzigonghuaguyouxianzhidegongsidezongzaizhangjinyiweizheyongziwoshilishiyinwei🧜,zaiqiangshengguojiajingxiangguihuadediannaorenfangmian,bazhuyaojinengwolao、liutongyelianzuoquan,“jishifengqiyunyong2,kebu♛keyiwenzhongyoujinxiangqiankan”。


zheidoushizhongxiaoxingqiyeziyoubojizhenggeshichangdexiezhao,yeshizhongjiagongzhizaoyufangdetiaozhandetuxian。


♕quyigeyue,guojijinshenghuohuanjingfenggaolangji。diyuandilixue、xinxingfadadiqujingzhengjiliezhedengpengzhuangyulaiyukanbuchu,qiangshengfadadiquyanfachuyechuye,agenting、dongxinanyadengdidisanchanyegaosu ❀fazhanfangxiang,jingzhengjiliezhefanfuyuyanyulie。zheigeshizhijiechansheng、bukeyiguibidexianshicunzai。suiran,changshuaiquanqiuguojiayanfachu、changshuaiquanqiuguojiadisanchanyedelundiaozaluanzaizheiqizhong,shiyinggaizuoyixiebianzhengfayanjiufenxide。


jijiyingduitiaoxin、gongjianzhankenan,zhongguoneidizhizaojishuchanyehuazongliang、shangyemaoyizongliangquebaoleliangdeyouxiaolvzengjia,quebaoxiaoshoushichangbiliꦐdejianzhutiwendingxing。


juxiangguanguojiabuweiyoudandangyonghu“kezhangguodao”shangjianjie,202jinian,benguosuoyoudezhonggong꧒yetianjiazhigengjiajiejin30wanwanyuan,zhangdpde31.7%。jiagongyeguimoxingweichi13nianjuyouxi𓂃shouwei。


“jindaihuacaichanbaozhangtixiwangzhanjianshehuoqu𒐪biyaozuixinjinzhan”“picizhongyaocaichantesehuayouxiuchengguoqidaoguojijijiaoweixianjindeshuiping”……quzhengfuyunzuotongjideyiguochanchanshu,tuxianchuxiaoguozhizuoyedejianrupanshifangfa。


zhendichulailerudangdimeitibaodaodesuochengde“disanjiazhiliangenggaichao”ma?


qiewuchengren,shoutouzichengbendengyuansuhuiyingxiang,xiexulaozuomijiduxingshangpinxiaoshoudegongzuozhuanyidaobiegeguo。jinguan,yinzhonghuayicengci🐻qiandaoquan.qiujiazhilianglianfengongxiezuo,naiꦏyizhiyubuduozigongsichechuzhonghuayoutuihuiqu,huorengxubenwenhuaguowaiguoduodangzhongqiyechanpin。


“jibuhuiyipiangaiquan,jiangmougejibenyuanzeshitongjianzhutishichang꧟xuqiu,haiyongkeyikandaozheizaizheiqizhonglingyulianshenggaodehelixingxianxiang,zhongguodelingyulianjiangyaozhuanbianshengjiezhongsuzaoxingyezhimingdu。”taihexincaijituanchiguyouxiandexingongsijianshizhangsongxiquandaibiaoyingyuyifangzhipinyeweilishuo,xianzaimougejiguangjiagongjibenyuanzezhuanzou,danjianzhutizengtianzhijiangyaoshenggao。2024nian,zhongguogaoxingxianweisushengchannenglizhanshijieshangzuishangdebizhishaoyuerfenzhiwu,2024nianchukoumaoyiehuanbitishenglvtisheng14.4%。


shiquanweixingdexiangguan🎶bumenshujutixian,zhiqianzai500zhongjibengongyeqiyechangpinzhong,benguoyou40%shangmiandechangpinchushouhuoliangpaimingguojishouyao,gejisuanjichengxu、yidong、taiyangguang♍nenggandianchibandengyidapizhuzhongchangpinchushouhuoliangzhanguoji1/2shangmiande。yingzaoyefanweizhanguojizongliangxiaoyu30%。


weifadachuangzaoyejiadafazhanqushi,jianggaolichuangzaoyeliutongyelianjinshibuyongru。41geguojiaweifadachuangzaoyejiti、178jiaguojiagaoxinfangchanquzhonghengshigong,julianyidaqun。mingnian,tixianchuliutongyepeiheꦬheibmslidejinengchuangzaoyekou13.4qiwanzhiyirenminbi,“xinsanyang”chanpinkoujinjiewan6yirenminbi。


“yizaiwoguodiandongwuliuchejinengqichetezhengfenxi,changxingshijieshangkaodeshijineng、chanpinzhilianghegenggaoxiaoxinxihuadewenhuachanyechengfen。”ꦅfutianqichegudongzhangzhuhuarongdaibiaorenshuo,chengfenshengdaozhengchengweizhizaochangyeqitagebijiaozhongyaojingzhengꦬzheli。


“guagouduanlian”chongcileguojiazaishijiejiachanlianjiagongzhizaoliandedifangma?guonei jiagongzhizaotongdengyouxinxinzuoda——


zhanyouhezuoguoxingyelianhuafenzhongzhengtigongyehualeixing;zaiyidingshengjizhongdiankejilingyuhezhuyaoyinshisaidaoshangzhuanbianchengyicijianjuquanxingyelianlianliangxingchuangxinnenglideziyuanyoushixingyelian;yisuzaozhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”zhizaoyegegeqiyeꦗ1.2yingjia,90%zongshangsuoshushiguowaiwaigaozhimingdudazhizaoyegegeqiyedepeibeipifashangshang。


baomai3shanghaifeichangqiye,linggoujianchuantonghualvbudiyu95%。baomai3pingtaizhizaojishufudazongcaicaisonggangshuo,baomai3yuzhongguoyoushengchanshangshang“tongsheng♏huying”。


xiongyalihuanyuwang fagaocheng“woguodejiagongdeqianyuzhongjibentiaojianhaochanpinburongnengzhaozijidaitipingonghuoshang🌞”。woguodechuantongshang(haoshang)mashangqianfenxiangde2023/2jiniandudeqishangyeyunzuoxindushididiaochashuju𝓡xianxian,jiangzhijieshoucaifangqiyezhuxingdongjihuazaiweilaidefazhan3nianduozaihuatouzixiangmu,liyouzhiliushigonghuoliangaishan、jishujingzhenglitigaoziji。


“gongsicunzaiquanmiandepinpaiwangluotixi、deaodadeshiyangjiansheguimodengyouquedian,jiagongyeduanqiwenbuzengzhangdezhuyaomianzhaoyangjiangu。”zaiwoguoguangdianzixunpinpaizhuangdayanꦉfayuanyuanchangzhanglidaibiaoshuo,shizaiwoguojiagongdepolisuoyou、jianrensuoyou。


面对挑站,稳定“稳”的魄力


shouhaoxianyouyoulieshi,yaojianchi“wen”dedanshi。tanranmianduiguojiwenhuachanyefazhanliantigonglianshejikuandujinxingdiaojie,shijieqiang⭕guoyanzhijiangheruyi“wen”yingbiansulv?


——xianyaoshiliwen。“zuodaozhizaoyetiaojianpinghengqiyong”,dangdizhengfuzuogongzuoguihuadanjianshaolewenbeizengdedezhengcediancibo。


huagongyuanheziliaohuabubuzhouweijinzhuanglongzai8ricanjiadeshisijiequanzhonghuazhengxieerjidianshidianhuahuiyi“bu💧zhouweizuogongzuoqu”shangbiaoda,qunianjiangshenrushijibanbuzhongguoꩲshidayewenfazhanzuogongzuofangshi,bangzhuhuagongyuanqiangxian、huagongyuandashi“yongtiaodaliang”。


changyongwenhua🍌jiagongyefazhanhuadefazhanfangxiangzaichanshengyefugailvchao80%,shijindaihuawenhuajiagongyefazhanhuadefazhanfangxiangxitongdedicai,ganxijingjinenglifazhanfangxiangheguojizhongxin,shishuyuwoguobaochilianghaohuanqiu𓂃diyichanshengyeshijiedaguojiazhidejichupan,bunenggoubachangyongwenhuajiagongyefazhanhuadefazhanfangxiangzuowei“zhongdiduanwenhuajiagongyefazhanhuadefazhanfangxiang”henjiandanquxiao。baogaogeshizhidaoyilianchuandebushu,mudecujinhuichangyongwenhuajiagongyefazhanhuadefazhanfangxiangdegaizhuangtishengziji。


caiyongchuantongshidisanchanyejigoudiao🐬zheng,laogongyehuadeguofangjiaoyupeixunjidifushunangrandaxueshengji。fushunshizhenzhanggaojianzhidaishuo,ꦑmuqianzaizhizaoguoneijigaofudongzhizuixinkejiyuandeyuanfuliaoliaoguofangjiaoyupeixunjidi,bushuanpaixinyoushi。


——xuyaoguanlitizhiquan,kongzhihaochanyedefazhanguanlitizhidewanzhengban。


2025nian,fujianzhuangzuminzuziyequbaiseshixinxingdefengjinglinlvfangchanchanliangdapo1200yiyuanrenminbi,lizunilvtukuangziyuanfengfuxingjiegoutezheng,yanbianchengconglvzi🌺yuandaojingjiagonggongyidewanmeifangchanlian。


baogaofanwentijiao“zengjiaxibeihedongxifangbugedichenglanliutongyebiandongli”,bingduipeihuangkuodaxianjinshengjiagongyeyunjisuan🀅ping♏taidengjichugongzuobushu。“zheijiangjinliangbuzhutuichuxianbuweikexuehelianpai、xiezuoqushideliutongyebuju。”baiseshizhenzhanggeguokeshizhishuo,baisezhengzhelijiakuaituijinzhongguoren—dongmengziyoumaoyiquliutongyexieyiqubaiseguihuaqutoujian,goujianchenglanzhongguodaluwailiutongyebiandonghaian。


——gengjialiantiaoqiang,cujindisanchanyeyingxianglili。


gongnongyehexinxineironghuabudaibiao,jiangjianghuiquanlizhixingdazaoyeguanjianxingqiyelianyouchanpinzhiliangtishengshijixingdong。🦋yilianyice,bupingjingwenti、duanzhangban、qiangjibenzhishi,jiaqiangqiyeliangongyingshangliansuxinghexingyeguojijingzhengli。


“dangnian,geweijiangjinyibugenggaidazaoyelinyuwaishangtouzixukeshouxianzhijizhi,yexuyaozhunbeishifandianduiwaikaifangcheshangwangshujufenxiguanlizhongxindengzengzhifuwuliantongyewuling﷽yu。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


逮住契机,提升新质生育力


shezaixiangzhonggaoduandingzhipapoguokandeshouyaoguanzha,zhongguorenyingzaoyaocujinzuchengxinzhizhongzhili。


zhengfujiguanshiyeshujushengdongqueli“youlifahuichufuhexingjuguogouchengyouyue,quanfangweizengqiangzizhuhuakejichuangxinxiaolv”。cong“jinxingqianghuajichutiaojiandiaochashebeiyemianbuju”dao“zhigoumaigupiaoshilipaiဣdegongsilingtoudaliangjishugexinmuꦫbiaorenwu”,shujuqueliyixiliqianghuacuoshi。


zhongshi,🐼xinchanpincongyanfatuanduidaozhizuodebijinglvcheng。zaizhurujiaogao,henduodegongsiqiyequeshizhongshixiaolv。jijiaozheiyige“kunrao”,qingkuanghuibaozhiding“tuidongzhongyaozidonghuadijidesheshifengxianguanlitixihuafenbu,luoshizuizhuyaodetedianjishujigou、zhongchongjishiyanzhengjigousheji”。


gongyefenmianheshujuhuabu2020jiangjianchishixinghaokexuejishujudazhuandinghezhongzhongzhizhongyanfaguanligongzuofangan,shejiyizhiguojiadezhizaoji♔shuyegaigechuangxinzhongyang,zhuangdagaokexuejishu,shixingchanyequnhua,yuelaiyuekuaizhuangdaxinzhifenmianli。


jijuxingxinwenhuachanyefazhan、molaiwenhuachanyefazhan,peiyangfeichangduoxinbisaichang。


“jijitaiduzhudongzuodazuoqiangshengtaixuekaifa、fuwuyehangkonggongye、dikongshichangjingjidenghuafenzhangchuanqiyinqing”“jianzaoliangzixinjishu、baobaokexuejishudengxinsaiche”“jianliyidapimingtianqiyexiandaoqu”……yijianshujinkoujijitaiduzhudongpei꧒huangxinxingqilaiqiyehemingtianqiye,chuangxinjucuoshi、shezhixi。


“tigaofazhanjinbuchenshi,zhizhengjishuhaiandangwuzhiji。”hefeigaodehongwaichiguyouxiaochangjiajianshihuiཧchengyuanzhanghuanglixiangzhengzheshuo,jinniandeqiyeyaozaidikonghuasuan、naojijietoudengqianyanjishufalidian。


gongyehuahetupiandashujuyingyunbuzhuguanrendaibiao,jiangtishengqianliezhishuxingheteshuxingzhishu♒xinggongqiupingheng、yinjinjingzhengyoushizhongxiaoxingqiye、buduanwanshangaoxinzhizaoyemoyang。zaiweilaishishenmegaoxinzhizaoyeyinsu,bashiyongrengonggongzizidonghua、renxingjiqishebeiren、naojiyinpinjiekoudengyousuozuoweixianeibuguanjianxingxuanzhidezhongxindian。dingqi☂cunkuantuisongqianliezhishuxingtuiguangyingxiaosuoyin,baoweiguanjianxinglingyuxingyechuangjianyingyunshiyanshejichang,tishenggaoxinzhizaoyeyinjin。


bawoluomashuzichuangyejihui,xunsu“laodonglizhihui+”。


dangjinshijietourushiyongquanguoxingchanzhizuidahuadexunxitongxinshebeixitong,suanlvchanzhiquanguoxingdiyi,duonan🦹wangdehaomaquanqiuhuashizhizaochangyeshengjichengdezuiqiangjingzhelidianzhizhong。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shilingyuercichuangyedebiranqushi,yeshigoujianchengzhang xintediandeguanjiande。”ztewuxiantongxunguquanshouxianxingongsigaoduanzongjingli𝓰caimiaoweidaitishuo,yonghaoxinjishufenmianshengchangongju,youxinxizuoqiangjibenzhishi、qiangzhuaqiji、jianhuanchengzhang 。

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